We provide all of your dog, cat and other small animal’s vaccinations, including yearly boosters and starter courses for young and rehomed pets.
You can protect your pet from serious disease with vaccination and annual boosters.
Puppies are generally first vaccinated from eight weeks old with their second vaccination two to four weeks later. We also recommend a third parvovirus vaccination at 16 to 18 weeks of age.
Kittens are first vaccinated from nine weeks old with their second vaccination three to four weeks later.
Rabbits are vaccinated from five weeks old as a single injection.
Full immunity can take several days to develop and so animals should be kept away from potential sources of infection for a period of time advised by your vet.
Vaccinations for Dogs
Core vaccinations for dogs protect against parvovirus, distemper, hepatitis and leptospirosis. These are considered essential due to the widespread or severe nature of the diseases they prevent.
Canine parvovirus is a highly contagious virus that can affect all dogs but particularly puppies up to a year old. It is still a common disease in the UK and our practice treats several animals with this condition every year. The virus causes severe gastroenteritis and, in many cases, can be fatal even with intensive treatment. This virus is spread by infected animals however it can survive in the environment for up to two years.
Canine distemper is less common now in the UK due to vaccination programmes. The virus attacks the gastrointestinal, respiratory and nervous system of puppies and dogs. It is usually spread through the air, through contact with infected dogs or on things they have touched. Initially the disease can cause a fever, nasal discharge, coughing, lethargy, a reduced appetite, vomiting and diarrhoea. In the later stages the virus can attack the nervous system causing symptoms from tremors through to seizures and paralysis. Distemper often causes long term damage to the nervous system and is frequently fatal.
Infectious canine hepatitis is a virus which targets the liver and kidney. It is spread in the urine of infected dogs and can survive in the environment for weeks or months. Unfortunately, it can lead to bleeding disorders, organ failure and death.
Leptospirosis is a disease caused by bacteria that damage vital organs such as the liver and kidney. It is a very serious disease that is sadly often fatal. It is spread by infected dogs, mice, rats and cows but can also be caught from infected water. Your dog is at increased risk if they live on a farm, regularly kill rodents or spend a lot of time swimming.
Kennel cough is a very common contagious illness that causes a nasty cough in dogs but is not often serious. It can also cause a reduced appetite and lethargy. It is caused by a variety of bacteria and viruses. It is spread by direct contact with infected dogs, in the air and on surfaces (such as bowls or leads).
It is most common where lots of different dogs gather (shows, kennels or doggy day care) and can survive in the environment for weeks. Dogs with Kennel Cough should be kept away from public spaces and other dogs until they stop coughing, and for two to three weeks afterwards. We advise our clients to consider Kennel cough vaccination, especially if they intend to kennel their animal, take them to shows, training classes or socialise them with other dogs. The vaccine does not give 100% protection; however, it will reduce the severity of the disease should they become infected.
Vaccinations for Cats
Feline panleucopaenia virus, also known as feline parvovirus or feline infectious enteritis, is a severe and frequently fatal cause of haemorrhagic gastroenteritis. Sadly, outbreaks of infection with this virus are common and a high proportion of affected cats can die. Vaccination against this virus is highly effective and has a critical role in protecting cats against infection, especially as the virus is highly contagious. The virus can also survive for long periods in the environment, so vaccination is the only real way to protect cats.
Feline calicivirus and feline herpes virus are always combined in vaccines as these two diseases together are the main causes of upper respiratory infections in cats. Affected cats typically show sneezing, nasal discharge, conjunctivitis, eye discharge and mouth ulcers.
Symptoms vary from very mild to extremely severe and complications requiring hospitalisation may occur. Feline herpesvirus will result in lifelong infection after the initial symptoms resolve and this can lead to recurrent eye inflammation or other signs. These respiratory viruses are often spread via direct or close contact between cats (e.g sneezing droplets) but can survive for short periods in the environment.
Infection is widespread amongst the cat population and because infection can be quite severe (especially in younger cats), vaccination is considered important in all cats. Although vaccination does not always prevent infection with these viruses, it will help greatly in reducing the severity of the disease if a vaccinated cat does become infected.
Vaccinations for Rabbits
Myxomatosis is a virus that causes severe disease in rabbits. Sadly, it nearly always causes death. It is common in wild rabbits and spreads easily to pet rabbits either through direct contact, biting insects or surfaces that have been in contact with infected animals. It is a devastating disease that affects the eyes, skin, lungs and genitals. Vaccination every year is the best way to protect your rabbit. Any biting insect can carry the virus including fleas from dogs and cats. Making sure there are no fleas and keeping your rabbits clean to avoid attracting flies is always a good idea.
Viral haemorrhagic disease is a nasty virus that attacks their internal organs and causes internal bleeding in rabbits. Unfortunately, once infected it is fatal in most cases. It can be spread via contact with infected rabbits or indirectly via their urine / faeces. It can survive for months in the environment and is easily transferred to pets at home. It can travel on shoes, clothes, through birds and insects and can even be airborne. There are two strains of the virus RDH1 and RDH2 and it is important to have cover against both. RDH1 infected rabbits can become unwell so rapidly that it can result in sudden death where no other symptoms have developed. RDH2 develops a bit more slowly over a period of a few weeks. Affected rabbits can be lethargic, have a reduced appetite, fever and blood around the nose, mouth and bottom. Annual vaccinations are the best way to protect your pet and are highly effective.
Boosters are important to maintain maximum immunity and are required annually for all adult pets.
We tailor the booster programme in dogs and cats to ensure that the pet is not receiving vaccines that they do not require.
We also offer testing in dogs to check their immunity, however, we know, from trusted research, that leptospirosis will always require annual boosters regardless of whether the dog still has antibodies for the other vaccination components.
This is also a time for a complete physical exam and check-up to ensure your pet are as healthy as they can be.